My memory is as long as this geranium stock is tall!
So, I thought I would create a quick guide for
reference out in the field.
(Above, my first time to shoot
something on the manual mode!
ISO 100, f2.8, 125)
1) Choose Your ISO (sensitivity of the digital sensor)
* ISO 100 -200 - bright sunny day
* ISO 400 - daylight room or overcast day (indoors for window light portraits)
* ISO 800 - dimly lit room without a flash
* ISO 1600 - darker scene (that school play your kid is in)
2) Choose Your Aperture (size of the lens opening)
* f/2.8 - One person portrait or fast action (lowest aperture your lens allows)
* f/4 - Two or three person portrait,flowers
* f/5.6 - Four or more people, birds, animals, moon,far away subjects, food
* f/8 to f/16 - Landscapes / Cityscapes
* f/22 - Slow motion water using tripod
Small f-stop = larger opening = more light entering camera = isolates subject from background
Large f-stop = smaller opening = less light entering camera = blends subject into background
3) Choose Your Shutter Speed (how long the shutter is open)
* 1/30 to 1/250 - your subject is not moving
* 1/250 and above - your subject is moving
TV (Shutter Priority): Ideal for Sports.
To freeze the action/motion a fast shutter speed is required, like 1/2000 sec.
To blur the action/motion a slower shutter speed is required, like 1/30 sec.
Action direction -
Running towards you use 1/250.
Running side to side use 1/500 to 1/2000.
When panning with the subject's motion use a tripod set on 1/30 to 1/8.
At dusk or night - use 1 second and slower shutter speeds to show a waterfall as a silky blur, capture light trails of moving vehicles, or capture a city skyline.
Shooting handheld you need a fast enough shutter speed to make sure camera shake doesn't cause a blur! Example - if using a 200 mm lens set on 1/250 sec.
If the maximum aperture blinks, this indicates underexposure.
If the minimum aperture blinks, this indicates overexposure.
TV Tutorial link to photoplusmag.com .
AV (Aperture Priority):
For sharp foreground and background set on a high aperture setting like f/32.
For sharp foreground and blurred background set on a lower aperture setting like f/5.6.
For Landscapes try setting on f/22.
For Portraits use f/2.8 to achieve blur behind and in front of your subject.
If the "30" shutter speed blinks it's indicating underexposure.
If the "8000" shutter speed blinks it's indicating overexposure.
AV Tutorial link to photoplusmag.com .
Settings for Dark or Night:
- Use either a macro or an all purpose wide angle lens. A macro is useful if you want to seclude any one ornament or decoration. Where as a wide angle lens is great if you want to get the whole house into the picture.
- It's also a good idea to use a tripod, as the shutter speed will be too slow for sharp hand held shots.
- Set your camera on manual mode with a low as possible aperture f number. For example anywhere between f/2.8 to f/4.6 will be sufficient.
- For starters set the ISO to 400. Depending on how dark you want the images to be, you can adjust this later on. It's never recommend going higher than 800 however, due to loss of photo quality the higher the ISO.
- There are two ways to adjust the shutter speed. Firstly, you can focus the camera at part of the house that isn't too dark or too light and adjust the exposure. If you're not sure what I mean by exposure we have a tutorial on it at: How to use manual mode. If you like a darker photograph, then underexpose the settings by around 2 or 3 stops.
Or you can take a bit of a punt and initially set the shutter speed to around 1/50th of a second, then adjust it give and take from there. If the photograph seems too dark for your liking, then choose a slower speed (up to say 1/25th of a second). If it's too light then choose a faster speed. As the night gets darker and light changes you may need to adjust this.
- Put your camera on aperture priority and set the lowest f number your lens will allow, for example f/2.8 up to f/4.6. Again, it's a good idea to use a tripod. When using aperture priority, make sure automatic ISO is turned off. You do want to choose this setting yourself, so you can keep it to around 400 ISO.
"Growth itself contains the germ of happiness. "
~ Pearl S. Buck